In order to assess the improvements made and to identify any gaps that remain in socio-economic needs. Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) collects information from households in South Africa through censuses and surveys.
The Living Conditions Survey (LCS) is part of Stats SA’s household survey programme and provides detailed information on household’s living circumstances, as well as their income and expenditure patterns. This is the second Men, Women and Children Report produced by Stats SA with the first being published in 2013 using the LCS 2008/09.
Table 1 shows the different poverty measures for the three national poverty lines. According to the Upper bound poverty line (UBPL), the estimated poverty headcount was 55,5% of the population in 2015.
Meanwhile, the headcount for the Lower bound poverty line (LBPL) was 40,0% with approximately a quarter of the population (25,2%) living below the Food Poverty Line (FPL).
The poverty gap measures the distance poor people are from the poverty line and thus, the higher the gap, the poorer the individual. At the UBPL the gap was measured to be 27,7% declining to 16,6% for the LBPL and 9,0% for the FPL.