How to gain the most from your tax-free investment plan
It’s been five years since National Treasury introduced tax-free savings accounts (TFSAs) to encourage South Africans to invest. With a TFSA there is no tax on interest or dividends received, and no capital gains tax (CGT) on funds withdrawn.
Annual limit increased to R36 000
The good news is that with effect from 1 March 2020, the annual limit is increased from R33 000 to R36 000. The overall lifetime limit has, however, remained unchanged since 2015, at R500 000.
Maximising your TFSA
To take full advantage of the tax-free growth, investors who already have an existing monthly recurring contribution into a TFSA would benefit by increasing this to R3 000 a month.
Those who prefer to invest via a lump sum will benefit by doing so at the beginning – rather than the end – of the tax year, giving their investment an extra 12 months of tax-free growth.
A R36 000 lump sum investment on 1 March can grow by R3 600 over the year (assuming a balanced fund investment with CPI+4% return). Tax on interest, dividends and capital gains in a such a portfolio would amount to R600*. By rather allowing this lump sum to grow in the TFSA from day one, the investor gets to keep and further grow this R600, which will have a meaningful impact over a long investment horizon.
*Assumes: CPI at 6%; 30% marginal tax rate; portfolio return consists of 15% interest, 25% dividends and 60% capital; interest and capital exemptions are not taken into account.
Less tax means happy clients
While National Treasury has been generous with the TFSA, interest and capital gains exemptions have not been adjusted in recent years. The R23 800 / R34 500 annual interest exemption amounts have remained unchanged since 2014 and the R40 000 annual exclusion from capital gains has been in force since 2017.
To maximise the tax efficiency of an investor’s discretionary investments, the TFSA is becoming an integral part of a financial plan.
A long-term investment
While investors can access the money at any time, any amount withdrawn will be regarded as a further contribution (towards your lifetime contribution limit) when re-invested in the TFSA. Given this restriction, investors should view their TFSA as more of a long-term investment. There are other investment vehicles more suited to short-term savings or emergency funds.
Also, a TFSA has no limits on how much may be invested in growth assets, such as equity, foreign equity and property. This further enables investors to maximise their growth, tax-free, over the long term.
Investors should consult with a qualified financial adviser to ensure their investment portfolio is in line with their personal circumstances and risk profile.